Ubuntu Install Openjdk 8

JDK contains a collection of Java programming tools, as well as a complete Java runtime environment. Decompress the source code from the following directory. It is easy to install and simplicity is one of its key features. Install openjdk 8 on ubuntu 14. OpenJDK is the open source implementation of Java. 1-b03) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. 03: I am using OpenJDK 1. 04 any longer. 1, Apache and MySQL 5. But what many might not notice, is that the upgrade removes OpenJDK 7 from your system as well as the repositories, making it impossible to install the Java 7 JDK from the xenial universe. $ sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk Install Java on Ubuntu via PPA Add PPA Repository Using Webupd8 Team's PPA repository we can install Java on Ubuntu automatically using the apt command. 04 LTS nodes have OpenJDK 8 and 9 available. Disclaimers. Step by step guide to fix charles proxy hang/crash issue on Ubuntu OS. Gradle uses Groovy instead of using XML for scripting. Execute the following commands. 04 using PPA September 18, 2014 at 6:35. Disclaimer: This repository does not contain any Java binary, it contains an installer that will automatically download, install and set up Oracle Java 8 for you. This section explains how to install the OpenJDK version 10 for Ubuntu: Launch the Terminal application. Ubuntu chooses OpenJDK as its default JDK, which is not 100% compatible with Oracle JDK. Previously, we talked about Apache Hadoop Framework. sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk -y. 04 Chef What is Chef? Chef install on Ubuntu 14. 04 (32bit) OpenJDK 1. 2 and higher, and this is the JDK version we recommend you use for your Android projects. Add this repository to your system's Software Sources: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openjdk-r/ppa sudo apt-get update; Install OpenJDK 8: sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk; Check which JDK-Versions are available on your system perform:. 04) or Fedora Core 9. For Ubuntu 18. Use an explicit fnmatch. A Github repository exists that provides build scripts Building OpenJDK 8. Jdk Linux Ubuntu Server 8. It’s available in Ubuntu Software Center for Ubuntu 14. Tomcat Provides a "pure java" http web server environment for running Java codes. Debian / Ubuntu installation. 04, but no luck so far. Decompress the source code from the following directory. Apache Hadoop is designed to run on standard dedicated hardware that provides the best balance of performance and economy for a given workload. Before you can install OpenJDK 9, you must enable Ubuntu ‘universe’ package repository. If you do not have root access, simply install the Java SE Runtime Environment into your. Oracle JDK includes compiler but compiler for OpenJDK 8 is included in openjdk-devel. It can be used to install Elasticsearch on any Debian-based system such as Debian and Ubuntu. This article shows you the way to manually install the latest Oracle Java Development Kit (Oracle JDK) in Ubuntu. On the command line, type: $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre. Both of the above options manage (via sbt) a specific Scala version per Scala project you create. 8 is not included in the default apt-get repository yet. 0_131 or a later version in the Java 8 release series. 8 or lower), you must install Xcode from the Apple developer site. Getting OpenJDK working on Debian is quite easy. 5 and earlier. It is very tough to configure the Cluster with Hadoop. Installing the OpenJDK Java environment for Ubuntu To install the OpenJDK Java environment for Ubuntu by using the apt-get install command, perform the following steps. When you install Ubuntu onto a "NewWorld" Apple Macintosh PowerPC G3, G4 or G5 computer you can choose to boot between two or more operating systems. Install OpenJDK 11; It is recommended to install OpenJDK 11 because of the license issues around Java SE Development Kit. There are no actual Java files in this PPA. This article will help you to Install Oracle JAVA 8 (JDK/JRE 8u25) on Ubuntu 14. (NB: I highly recommend you to install Ubuntu 18. 04 Chef workstation setup on EC2 Ubuntu 14. Install openjdk-8-jre-headless. Now that we have the build scripts, we can initiate the build. Some distributions, such as Linux Mint, have OpenJDK installed right out of the box. We will need Java to be installed on our systems for using Eclipse as Java IDE. The command apt is apt-get in Ubuntu older than 16. 3 (latest) on Ubuntu 18. openjdk version "1. 1-b14)… my DBA blog this is just my online notes… but if you find it helpful to you you may leave a comment. In this post we will learn how to download, compile and debug OpenJDK 8 using Ubuntu and NetBeans IDE. js; Installing dpkg-dev for Ubuntu only; Installing createrepo for Red Hat Enterprise Linux only; Making JDK 8 available to the APT environment for Ubuntu only; About the installation of pyhocon; Best practices for installing the controller; Installation and Upgrade Tasks. Install the Xcode command line tools: xcode-select --install For older versions of macOS (10. $ sudo apt-get -y install openjdk-8-jre Now, ensure that Ubuntu points to JAVA 8. 8-jre-headless * gcj-4. If you want to develop Java programs then install the java-1. Insight: Install OpenJDK 11 In Ubuntu 18. When I tried to reinstall openjdk-8-jre-headless, I got this: $ apt-get install openjdk-8-jre-headless Reading package lists Done Building dependency tree Reading state information Done Some packages could not be installed. 04 (LTS) uses OpenJDK 11 by default: sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk Step 2: Add Bazel distribution URI as a package source. RXTX is a full implementation of the Java CommAPI from Sun. There are several JDK implementations available for Linux, such as Oracle JDK, OpenJDK, Sun JDK, IBM JDK and GNU Java Compiler. This guide will cover the installation of both. Now install the Java OpenJDK 8 from the Ubuntu repository using the apt command below. 04 (Xenial). The other day I needed to install Oracle Java JRE 8 on Ubuntu 18 and I just could not do it. As a workaround, you can install OpenJDK 8 from a PPA repository: 1. By default, Ubuntu 18. So I downloaded, unziped and changed path variable, but it looks like it is not recognized. 0-openjdk package contains just the Java Runtime Environment. But the installation is the same for the 16. Since we are actually not responsible for the modification, use the UP arrow to highlight the install the package maintainer's version option, and then press ENTER. Neo4j is implemented in Java, so you’ll need to have the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed. Installing OpenJDK 8 on Ubuntu Installing required packages. 04 LTS was released, I decided to install it on my lab computer running VMware Workstation Pro for testing purposes… the steps below is how I got OpenJdk installed… If you're going to be developing any Java programs you probably need Java JRE runtime software installed…. It is easy to install Java 8 on Ubuntu 18. Here, we will see how to install Oracle Java JDK 11 / 8 on Ubuntu 16. 04, and I ran in to some difficulties. 04, but also on the latest Ubuntu 12. Install Default OpenJDK2. Command 'java' not found, but can be installed with: apt install default-jre apt install openjdk-11-jre-headless apt install openjdk-8-jre-headless apt install openjdk-9-jre-headless Execute the following command to install OpenJDK: sudo apt install default-jre. # Ubuntu 16. com Linux Tips, Tricks & News Today ! - Through on this article you will get idea to Install java, OpenJDK 6, OpenJDK 7, OpenJDK 8 on RHEL, CentOS, Ubutnu & Mint, Debian, Fedora & openSUSE. 04 on my system. 安装oracle Java JDK. Iv'e installed a fresh copy of Ubuntu 18. Content Install OpenJDK Install OpenJFX Open Java Development Kit (OpenJDK) is an open source implementation of the Java Standard Edition (Java SE) platform with contribution from Oracle and the open Java community. OpenJDK 8 which provides the JRE and JDK to work with Java 8 is available from Ubuntu repositories or from a PPA depending on your Ubuntu version. How to Install JDK on Ubuntu. 04上安装Java。 安装OpenJDK的特定版本 虽然您可以安装默认的OpenJDK软件包,但您也可以安装不同版本的OpenJDK。 要安装OpenJDK 10/11,请执行以下命令: $ sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk 要仅安装JRE,请使用以下命令: $ sudo apt install openjdk-11-jre 接下来,我们来看看如何安装Oracle的官方JDK和JRE。. Move extracted jdk 8 folder to this location: sudo mv jdk1. 04 LTS and Next Article How to Install PHP 5. We'll cover Java installation from OpenJDK and from Oracle. In this tutorial, we will install Jenkins in Ubuntu 18. 7, Logstash 1. 1 on Ubuntu-GNOME 15. You may have both openjdk7 and SUN JDK 1. 04 LTS server. First we tried installing the OpenJDK 9. Jedna ranjivost (CVE-2015-7575) odnosi se na neodbacivanje MD5 potpisa u Server Key Exchange porukama unutar TLS 1. Find Openjdk. If you want to develop Java programs then install the openjdk-7-jdk package. The openjdk-8-jre package contains just the Java Runtime Environment. Crossfire Map Editor Installation - Ubuntu Linux. 04 Some Java games refuse to work on the old versions of Java You can install OpenJDK 8. Both of the above options manage (via sbt) a specific Scala version per Scala project you create. 10 icedtea-web openjdk-6 openjdk-6b18 icedtea-web: An implementation of the Java Network Launching Protocol - openjdk-6: Open Source Java implementation - openjdk-6b18: Open Source Java implementation An attacker could discover a user s name or confuse a user into granting unintended access to files. Technical differences are a consequence of the goal of each one (OpenJDK is meant to be the reference implementation, open to the community, while Oracle is meant to be a com. How to setup a Minecraft server to play game from the official website of Minecraft in your Ubuntu system. Installing OpenJDK 8 on Debian Jessie Be aware that this tutorial was written for Debian Jessie. For example, to use Java 8 I did:. Insight: Install OpenJDK 11 In Ubuntu 18. One alternative Java install is with Open JRE 7 and JDK 7 and can be installed with one of the following: sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk Install Java Oracle JRE or JDK on Ubuntu 14. To install openjdk-8-jdk-headless package, open the Ubuntu terminal and Type:. 0_91-8u91-b14-3ubuntu1~16. JAVA 8 provides new features such as Limbda, CompletableFuture, etc. Although, I was able to find a link where someone just says that it is. 10 and Ubuntu 12. Download the file and open it to launch the Ubuntu software manager. This guide describes how to install ThingsBoard on Ubuntu Server 18. Command 'java' not found, but can be installed with: apt install default-jre apt install openjdk-11-jre-headless apt install openjdk-8-jre-headless apt install openjdk-9-jre-headless Execute the following command to install OpenJDK: sudo apt install default-jre. Objective – Install Spark. 04 is OpenJDK 10. OpenJDK packages are available under native apt repositories. openjdk-8-demo (seit 18. The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models. com Linux Tips, Tricks & News Today ! - Through on this article you will get idea to Install java, OpenJDK 6, OpenJDK 7, OpenJDK 8 on RHEL, CentOS, Ubutnu & Mint, Debian, Fedora & openSUSE. Install OpenJDK 8 (JAVA) in Ubuntu Systems via PPA Repository. and it worked for me. $ apt-cache search openjdk default-jdk - Standard Java or Java compatible Development Kit default-jdk-doc - Standard Java or Java compatible Development Kit. By default, Ubuntu 18. Note: Netbeans 8. We serve the builders. There are no actual Java files in this PPA. The same procedure of How to install Java JDK 10 can be followed on Ubuntu 16. OpenJDK 8, the former upstream LTS release, is still available and has been moved into the community-supported universe repository. Amazon Corretto is a no-cost, multiplatform, production-ready distribution of the Open Java Development Kit (OpenJDK). Install openjdk 8 on ubuntu 14. A copy of the latest OpenJDK comes bundled with Android Studio 2. Installing Neo4j on Ubuntu 16. If you are referring to Oracle v8 I understand. It entirely depends on the target platform on which you want to run JDK. Security updates for OpenJDK 8 will be provided until April 2021 for both Ubuntu 16. 04上安装Java。 安装OpenJDK的特定版本 虽然您可以安装默认的OpenJDK软件包,但您也可以安装不同版本的OpenJDK。 要安装OpenJDK 10/11,请执行以下命令: $ sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk 要仅安装JRE,请使用以下命令: $ sudo apt install openjdk-11-jre 接下来,我们来看看如何安装Oracle的官方JDK和JRE。. 0 for NGS analysis? sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre. 04 in universe, Quellpakete von Java) mit apturl. sudo apt install. 04 in universe, kleinere Java-Laufzeitumgebung für monitorlose Server) openjdk-8-source (seit 18. Jitsi Meet requires Java Runtime Environment. Execute the following commands. In this post we will learn how to download, compile and debug OpenJDK 8 using Ubuntu and NetBeans IDE. How to install Java development kit (JDK) on Linux. Oracle provides Java (JDK) 10 for 64bit only. Installing Logstash on Ubuntu is well documented, so in this article I will focus on Ubuntu specific steps required for Logstash 6. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java. Install Java Development Kit on Ubuntu. You can run all the commands from the terminal, or ssh into the server See here if you need to setup SSH on the server. 04 LTS and Newer. x requires Java8 or later, which is available from the the main Ubuntu repositories on Ubuntu 16. To install OpenJDK 8, you will need to open terminal and use the command “sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jre openjdk-8-jdk”. OpenJDK 8 was released in March 2014. 04 (LTS) uses OpenJDK 11 by default: sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk Step 2: Add Bazel distribution URI as a package source. Installing JDK 8 3. We serve the builders. 04 LTS, you can do the following. If you do not have root access, simply install the Java SE Runtime Environment into your. 5 on Ubuntu or Debian. Upstream projects. 5, as described below. In this post we will learn how to download, compile and debug OpenJDK 8 using Ubuntu and NetBeans IDE. First thing we need to check is the Java. This is the easiest option when installing Java since it comes packaged with Ubuntu system. 5, and Kibana 4. Note that the Travis CI build lifecycle and the Maven build lifecycle use similar terminology for different build phases. The apt-get commandline supports implicit regex matches here but we do not because it can let typos through easier (If you typo foo as fo apt-get would install packages that have “fo” in their name with a warning and a prompt for the user. net As per above output, you can see openjdk-11-* and openjdk-8-* is available in the package manager. Installing DSE 6. So, in this post, we will teach you how to install Java on Ubuntu 19. How to Install JAVA 8 on Ubuntu 18. Install Java From Oracle Website5. sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade. Installing Logstash on Ubuntu is well documented, so in this article I will focus on Ubuntu specific steps required for Logstash 6. OpenJDK is open source version that is compatible with most software. To download and install the Android Studio snap package, open your terminal using the Ctrl+Alt+T keyboard shortcut. Ubuntu: OpenJDK 8 Unable to locate package location: linuxexchange. Hack on the JDK itself, right here in the OpenJDK Community: Browse the code on the web, clone a Mercurial repository to make a local copy, and contribute a patch to fix a bug, enhance an existing component, or define a new feature. Hardware requirements depend on chosen database and amount of devices connected to the system. Little did I know, I just made the situation worse. I'm not a Linux expert, and it's become apparent to me that I can't simply purge Java 7 and then do "apt-get install openjdk-8-jre-headless" or a simple apt-get upgrade. Install Elasticsearch 7. 04 & Ubuntu 16. Install new java source in system:. In same way you can install jdk version # sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk. Webupd8 Team is maintaining a PPA repository with installer scripts for the latest Java 8 and 9, that automatically downloads the Java archive from Oracle website and sets up everything for you. Do not ask such questions here. 04 | Liquid Web. Java System requirements for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and Solaris platforms The system requirements information on this page represents a subset to provide. Installing the Default JRE/JDK. OpenJDK is the open source implementation of Java. 04 which does not have openjdk 8 in its repositories. OpenJDK Java runtime, using Hotspot JIT. those for 15. We will need Java to be installed on our systems for using Eclipse as Java IDE. 3 Freya, Elementary OS 0. 04: Download Oracle Java 7. Just install JavaFX by executing sudo apt-get install openjfx. 4 if you already have the Android SDK installed and you do not want another copy installed. Install java with the following commands on the respective system, CentOS/RHEL $ sudo yum install java-1. But I rather avoid using that version given the recent development with the license and installation options. 04, Linux Mint, and Elementary OS. The easiest way is to install Android Studio on Ubuntu 18. Thank you for downloading this release of the Java™ Platform, Standard Edition Development Kit (JDK™). 8 MB of archives. Installing the software automatically creates a directory called jdk1. 1-b12) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25. $ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade $ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https openjdk-8-jre-headless uuid-runtime pwgen MongoDB ¶ The official MongoDB repository provides the most up-to-date version and is the recommended way of installing MongoDB [1] :. so they MUST be run separately if you want this to work w/o human interaction. Installing OpenJDK on Ubuntu is very easy you just need to run the following command. Installing DSE 6. EA builds might be missing security-vulnerability fixes that are available in GA builds or in other OpenJDK projects. 2 needs Java runtime 8 to run, So first of all install the Java 8 if you haven't installed already. License status affects the way of distribution slightly. Firstly, install the java version on the system. Once Java is installed, you can verify the Java version by using the following command. 04 LTS, you can do the following. Red Hat and Ubuntu will have different builds). Note that Red Hat resigned leadership of OpenJDK 6 at. Install Oracle Jdk Ubuntu 12. Default Installation JRE / JDK The most straightforward option for Java installation is using the packaged version with Ubuntu. 1) but 2014a-0ubuntu0. Updated On DEC 2016: Installation Script In Method 2 updated for installation of elastic search 5. 1 minimal or Ubuntu 16. 04 Java is the popular programming language owned by Oracle. Ansible playbook to install OpenJDK 8 on Ubuntu - Install OpenJDK 8 using Ansible playbook. Newer package versions (e. This guide will cover the installation of both. 04 Previous Next How To Install Elasticsearch 1. Click on the zip download link to download OpenJDK for Windows. Although, I was able to find a link where someone just says that it is. When I tried to reinstall openjdk-8-jre-headless, I got this: $ apt-get install openjdk-8-jre-headless Reading package lists Done Building dependency tree Reading state information Done Some packages could not be installed. First we will need to add the Dell OpenManage Ubuntu Repository to our machine with the following command. Install OpenJDK 11; It is recommended to install OpenJDK 11 because of the license issues around Java SE Development Kit. JAVA 8 provides new features such as Limbda, CompletableFuture, etc. 04 & Ubuntu 16. Installing Oracle JDK. 7, Logstash 1. x sudo apt-get install git mercurial zip bzip2 unzip tar curl sudo apt-get install ccache make gcc g++ ca-certificates ca-certificates-java sudo apt-get install libx11-dev libxext-dev libxrender-dev libxtst-dev libxt-dev sudo apt-get install libasound2-dev libcups2-dev libfreetype6-dev sudo apt-get install build-essential. Above command will confirm before installing the package on your Ubuntu 16. Both of the above options manage (via sbt) a specific Scala version per Scala project you create. I'm not a Linux expert, and it's become apparent to me that I can't simply purge Java 7 and then do "apt-get install openjdk-8-jre-headless" or a simple apt-get upgrade. 04 (Xenial). This will install OpenJDK 8 which is the recommended version. We can use either Oracle JDK or OpenJDK for this. sudo apt-get install default-jre There is another default Java installation called the JDK (Java Development Kit). With a focus on project automation and declarative configuration, it gets out of your way and lets you focus on your code. Now, Install Java Development Kit (JDK) with the help of following command. The script will start automatically downloading & installing minecraft in your Ubuntu. sudo apt update sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk. el7_3 Step 1. Menu Debugging OpenJDK 8 with NetBeans on Ubuntu Marcin Chwedczuk 24 Jun 2017 on Java. Output Command 'java' not found, but can be installed with: apt install default-jre apt install openjdk-11-jre-headless apt install openjdk-8-jre-headless apt install openjdk-9-jre-headless 执行以下命令来安装OpenJDK: sudo apt install default-jre 该命令将安装Java运行时环境(JRE)。. All other packages are available. We will need Java to be installed on our systems for using Eclipse as Java IDE. In this tutorial, we will install Jenkins in Ubuntu 18. 10 have been updated to MySQL 5. Here is How Install Apache Hadoop on Ubuntu on Single Cloud Server Instance in Stand-Alone Mode With Minimum System Requirement and Commands. 8 or lower), you must install Xcode from the Apple developer site. Install the Default OpenJDK. CentOS/Fedora: sudo yum install java-1. 03: I am using OpenJDK 1. For this demo, I am going with OpenJDK. Ubuntu is using OpenJDK, in terminal, issue this command apt-cache search openjdk to get all the available Openjdk version. As this is the first LTS release after version 8, it's been awaited for long. First, grab Oracle Java 7 directly from Oracle Java download page: Fig. All the brew commands are executed in the Terminal window on the Mac. 04 and Debian 8/9. 04 because broken dependencies of the tzdata-java package: The following packages have unmet dependencies: tzdata-java : Depends: tzdata (= 2012e-0ubuntu0. This PPA can be added to your system manually by copying the lines below and adding them to your system's software sources. I recently tried to install NetBeans 8. 1 LTS successfully after fixing the bugs which occurred in the installation process. Jedna ranjivost (CVE-2015-7575) odnosi se na neodbacivanje MD5 potpisa u Server Key Exchange porukama unutar TLS 1. The Java Development Kit (JDK) is a software development environment used for developing Java applications and applets. To install OpenJDK 8, the open source variant of the Java Development Kit, execute the following command, followed by your user account's password. One alternative Java install is with Open JRE 7 and JDK 7 and can be installed with one of the following: sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk Install Java Oracle JRE or JDK on Ubuntu 14. Each major RHEL release includes a broad set of base tools that, like the operating system, are supported for 10 years, including Python, PHP, Ruby, OpenJDK 7 (1. -openjdk-devel. Getting OpenJDK working on Debian is quite easy. We serve the builders. When it opens, run the command below to add PPA: 2. 04 (trusty), Ubuntu 16. Installing JDK 8 3. JDK 8 Debian, Ubuntu, etc. You can update your system with unsupported packages from this untrusted PPA by adding ppa:openjdk-r/ppa to your system's Software Sources. 04 LTS and 18. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install java-common oracle-java8-installer. It runs on Mac OS X, Windows and Linux. This documentation selects the openjdk-8-jdk. Note: Select any suitable package from the top. sudo apt install minecraft-installer. Leiningen is the easiest way to use Clojure. Also, verify your download using the given sha256 checksum. Install Java Open JRE or JDK on Ubuntu 14. In Ubuntu 18. I am trying to install the Java Development Kit (JDK) on Ubuntu Linux distribution, but I am unable to install it. sudo apt install -t jessie-backports ca-certificates-java sudo apt-get -y install openjdk-8-jdk openjdk-8-jre openjdk-8-jdk-headless openjdk-8-jre-headless running the two together will prompt for a Y/N response on a config file, which are annoying to automate. Apache OpenOffice 4. Install packages for zip approach Install JAVA 8. Open terminal from the Dash or by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T. Installing JDK 8 3. If it does not point to JAVA 8,. If you want to develop Java programs then install the openjdk-7-jdk package. Installing OpenJDK 11 on Ubuntu 18. For example, If you Install Openjdk 8, To set JAVA_HOME environment variable on Ubuntu, open the /etc/bash. I will show you through the step by step installation JRE (Java Runtime Environment) and JDK (Java Development Kit) on Ubuntu 16. and here is my java -version output:. Setting up default Java Version6. Once you have the repo in place, update your system and install Elasticsearch 7. It can be used to install Elasticsearch on any Debian-based system such as Debian and Ubuntu. 1 minimal or Ubuntu 16. 更新软件包列表: $ sudo apt-get update. WebGoat is maintained by OWASP , the Open Web Application Security Project, and it features a series of lessons that teach different application security and penetration testing techniques. sudo apt-get update sudo apt-cache search openjdk. sudo apt install python-software-properties sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java. Install new java source in system:. This is the Java 6 version of OpenJDK, and is the 1. Aug 11, 2017 - Java. 04: Download Oracle Java 7. 04 · Installing DSpace 1. The program 'java' can be found in the following packages: * default-jre * gcj-5-jre-headless * openjdk-8-jre-headless * gcj-4. 04, but also on the latest Ubuntu 12.